The present policy and strategy builds on the Public Nutrition Policy and Strategy for 20032006, which was slightly modified in 2005 and has guided the work of the Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) in nutrition until 2008. In the first Public Nutrition Policy and Strategy, the Government of Afghanistan, and the MoPH in particular, affirmed its commitment “to promote, protect and fulfil the rights of all people to adequate food and nutrition as stated in the International Declarations and Conventions on Human Rights.” The MoPH adopted a public nutrition approach, based on the Conceptual Framework of Malnutrition (developed by UNICEF in 1992), presented in Figure 1, on the next page.